Product Design vs UX Design – Difference Explained

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Product design and user experience (UX) design are two distinct but related fields in the design industry.

When we say product design Vs UX design:

Product design is the process of designing and developing a physical or digital product from concept to launch. It involves researching, prototyping, and testing to create a product that meets the needs of the user and the business. Product designers work to create products that are functional, aesthetically pleasing, and meet the requirements of the target market. UX design, on the other hand, is the process of designing and developing the user experience of a product or service. It involves researching and understanding the needs, goals, and behaviours of the user, and creating a design that meets those needs. UX designers work to create products that are easy to use, intuitive, and provide a positive experience for the user.

 Product design focuses on creating a physical or digital product that meets the needs of the user and the business, while UX design focuses on creating a positive and intuitive user experience. Product design and UX design work closely together to create a cohesive and successful product.

What is Product Design? How Does it Work?

Product design is a process that requires a combination of creativity and technical skills, a deep understanding of user needs and market trends and a lot of testing and iteration to get it right. Product designers work to create products that are functional, aesthetically pleasing, and meet the requirements of the target market. When it’s come to product design Vs UX design, the process differs. Product design is a multi-disciplinary process that involves a variety of skills and techniques, including industrial design, engineering, graphic design, and user research. It typically involves several stages, including:

  • Research: Product designers research the market, target users, and existing products to understand the needs and trends in the industry. They also gather feedback and insights from potential users to identify the key requirements for the product.
  • Conceptualization: Based on the research, product designers develop initial concepts and ideas for the product. They create sketches, diagrams, and mock-ups to communicate the design and functionality of the product.
  • Prototyping: Product designers create functional prototypes of the product to test and validate the design. They may use a variety of techniques, such as 3D printing, to create physical models or use software to create digital prototypes.
  • Testing: Product designers test the prototypes with users to gather feedback and identify any issues or areas for improvement.
  • Refining and finalizing: Based on the feedback, product designers refine and finalize the design. They work with engineers and manufacturers to ensure that the product can be produced and manufactured effectively.
  • Launching: Once the design is finalized, the product is launched to the market. Product designers may continue to gather feedback and make improvements based on user feedback after the launch.

Types of Tools Used For Product Design

When we talk about product design Vs UX design, we have to consider the tools too, There are several types of tools that are commonly used in product design, including:

  1. Sketching and drawing tools: Pencils, pens, markers, and digital drawing tablets are used to create initial concept sketches and detailed technical drawings.
  2. 3D modelling software: Programs like SolidWorks, Autodesk Inventor, and Fusion 360 are used to create detailed 3D models of products for engineering and manufacturing.
  3. CAD (Computer-Aided Design) software: These tools, such as AutoCAD, are used to create detailed 2D and 3D technical drawings and plans.
  4. Rendering software: Programs like V-Ray and Rhino are used to create realistic images and animations of products for visualizing and presenting designs.
  5. Prototyping tools: 3D printers, CNC machines, and other tools are used to create physical prototypes of products for testing and evaluation.
  6. Simulation software: Tools like ANSYS, COMSOL and Abaqus are used to simulate the behaviour of products under different conditions, such as stress and temperature, to ensure they will function as intended.
  7. Project management software: Platforms like Asana, Trello, or Jira are used to manage tasks and timelines, collaborate with team members and track progress.

Responsibilities of a Product Designer

A product designer is responsible for creating and developing new products and improving existing ones. Their responsibilities may include:

  • Conducting market research to identify customer needs and trends.
  • Sketching and creating 3D models of product concepts and designs.
  • Continuously monitoring the product performance and design after the launch and making necessary improvements.
  • Keeping up to date with industry trends, new materials, and technologies to incorporate them into product design.
  • Communicating and presenting design concepts, progress and final designs to clients or internal teams.

What is UX Design? How does it work?

UX design, or user experience design, is the process of designing products, services, and digital interfaces with the goal of creating a positive and seamless experience for users. It involves understanding the needs, wants, and limitations of users, and using that understanding to inform the design of the product or service. The process typically includes research, prototyping, testing, and iteration. UX designers use a variety of methods and tools to understand users and design products. Research methods may include surveys, interviews, user testing, and data analysis. They may also use design thinking and human-centred design principles to guide their work. UX design is an interdisciplinary field, and UX designers often work closely with other teams, such as product managers, developers, and marketers, to ensure that the final product meets the needs of users and the goals of the business.


There are many different tools that UX designers can use to help with research, prototyping, testing, and design. Some of the most popular tools include:

  • Research tools:
  1. Surveys: Tools like SurveyMonkey, Qualtrics, and Google Forms can be used to create and distribute surveys to users to gather information about their needs, wants, and behaviours.
  2. Interviews: Tools like Zoom, Skype, or Google Meet can be used to conduct interviews with users to gather more in-depth information about their experiences and needs.
  3. User testing: Tools like UserTesting, Optimal Workshop, and Crazy Egg can be used to conduct user testing and gather feedback on designs.
  • Prototyping tools:
  1. Wireframing: Tools like Balsamiq, Axure, and Adobe XD can be used to create wireframes, which are basic, static representations of a design that show the layout, structure, and organization of content.
  2. Mock-ups: Tools like Sketch, Adobe XD, and Figma can be used to create detailed visual mock-ups that show how a design will look and function.
  3. Interactive prototyping: Tools like InVision, Axure, and Adobe XD can be used to create interactive prototypes that allow users to interact with the design and test its functionality.
  • Design and Collaboration tools:
  1. Design thinking tools: tools like Miro, Airtable, and Trello can be used to facilitate design thinking, human-centred design, and collaborative design processes.
  2. Graphic design tools: tools like Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, and Sketch are widely used to create graphics and visual elements for the interface.

It’s important to note that different UX designers may have different preferences for tools, and it’s common for designers to use a combination of tools to meet their specific needs.


The responsibilities of a UX designer can vary depending on the company and the specific project but generally include:

  • Conducting user research: This includes conducting surveys, interviews, and user testing to gather information about users’ needs, wants, and behaviours.
  • Designing user interfaces: This includes creating wireframes, mock-ups, and interactive prototypes to explore different design options and test them with users.
  • Conducting usability testing: This includes testing the design with users to gather feedback and identify areas for improvement.
  • Creating design specifications: This includes creating detailed documentation that describes the design, including wireframes, mock-ups, and interactive prototypes.
  • Keeping up with industry trends: This includes staying up to date with the latest design trends, methodologies, and tools, and incorporating them into their work.
  • Continuously improving: This includes conducting post-launch evaluations and gathering feedback and continuously improving the product based on that feedback.
  • Communication: This includes effectively communicating their design decisions and research findings to stakeholders and team members.

It’s worth mentioning that some companies might have different roles and responsibilities for UX designers, for example, some companies might have a dedicated UX researcher, user researcher or user experience researcher.

Product design is about optimising products to help you achieve your business goals, whereas UX design turns those business goals into user journeys. Understanding the similarities and differences between product design and UX design will help you optimise your business and manage and expand it more effectively.

Also read : The Latest Graphic Designing Trends Of 2023


the value of UX design and product design extends beyond simply making users happy. And providing the best user experience means securing your product by establishing a strong market presence. Good design builds customer loyalty, reduces development costs, boosts ROI, and improves conversion paths. This requires industry-leading design specialists who understand how to study, explore, and theorise. It also assists you in creating meaningful user experiences while allowing your firm to make informed business decisions.

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